Archive for the ‘marijuana prohibition’ category

A Mother’s Day Declaration: “The Drug War Hurts Our Families”

May 1st, 2012

Mother’s Day: How the Drug War Hurts Families

NORML Women’s Alliance, Law Enforcement Against Prohibition and other Reform Organizations Team Up for: “Cops & Moms Week of Action

Washington DC – Mothers from around the country will join with law enforcement and students at the National Press Club on May 2nd in honor of Mother’s Day. The press conference will launch a new coalition of national organizations that will represent mothers, police and students that seek to finally end the disastrous drug war. The NORML Women’s Alliance, Law Enforcement Against Prohibition, Student for Sensible Drug Policy and others will share powerful stories of losing loved ones to the criminal justice system, and the social repercussions of prohibition.  The coalition will highlight a series of activities around the country timed to Mother’s Day.

Sabrina Fendrick, Coordinator for the NORML Women’s Alliance gave the following statement:

 “‘Mother’s Day’ was derived out of an intensely political effort to organize women on both sides of the Mason-Dixon Line against the Civil War. The reason mothers were made the vehicle was because they were the ones whose children were dying in that war. Women were also largely responsible for ending alcohol prohibition.  This is more than just a ‘greeting-card holiday,’ this is the beginning of an institutional change in our society. The government’s war on drugs is unacceptable. For our children’s sake, the concerned mothers of the world are being called on to demand the implementation of a rational, responsible, reality-based drug and marijuana policy.”

Leaders of the campaign who will be speaking at the press conference include former Maryland narcotics cop and Executive Director of Law Enforcement Against Prohibition (LEAP), Neill Franklin; Vice-Chair of the NORML Women’s Alliance and proud mother, Diane Fornbacher; Aaron Houston, Executive Director of Students for Sensible Drug Policy (SSDP), Kathie Kane-Willis a Chicago social worker whose son died from an overdose two years ago; Joy Strickland, CEO of Mothers Against Teen Violence, Nina Graves (Delaware), a mother and former assistant chief of police and others.  Moms United to End the Drug War will also be unveiling a “Moms Bill of Rights.”

Event Details:

What: Mother’s Day press conference announcing coalition between moms, cops and students against the war on drugs.  Followed by a nationwide “Cops & Moms Week of Action”.
When:  May 2, 2012 at 10 a.m.
Where: National Press Club – Washington, D.C.
Who:   NORML Women’s Alliance, Law Enforcement Against Prohibition, Students for Sensible Drug Policy, Moms United to End the Drug War, and the Drug Policy Alliance.

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Is Medical Marijuana Going To Pot?

March 3rd, 2012

With Health Canada rolling out more restrictive rules and Stephen Harper fighting pro-weed legal judgements, local MMJ users fear the system is going up in smoke.

In an early-’90s Civic we drive eastward, away from the Halifax-Dartmouth sprawl, toward the tiny hamlets and villages that tuck themselves into the myriad bays and coves of the eastern shore.  In the car the conversation flits quickly from topic to topic, like some conspiratorially minded hummingbird, and runs the gamut of water-cooler fringe-news talk.  A speech on the dangers of fluoride in the water leads to a dissertation on chem trails, which effortlessly flows into an account of the real story behind 9/11.  The only way through it is to allow each topic to run its course, and then gently, calmly, try to ease the derailed interview back onto track.  I want to know about cannabis: medical-grade, Health Canada-approved marijuana, to be precise.  Jes James, co-founder of The Halifax Compassionate Club, with whom I am now delivering an indeterminate quantity of medical marijuana to as many patients as we can schedule in the day, is my tour guide.

The 50-something James has rheumatoid arthritis.  Like many auto-immune diseases, in which the body attacks its own cells, rheumatoid arthritis presents itself under a spectrum of symptoms.  To James, who was diagnosed at age 13, rheumatoid arthritis meant a lifetime of inflammation-based pain.

Western medicine tends to treat rheumatoid arthritis with doses of cortisone, or other anti-inflammatory steroids.  James, allergic to anti-inflammatory steroids and worried about the side effects of long-term use, began to research alternative medicines.  That’s when she took on the alias of the famous train robber, and started using cannabis to treat her ailments.

“Twelve years ago, I was bedridden for six months,” says James.  “I had used cannabis, but this was before I started using it medicinally.  Without it, by now I’d be in a wheelchair.”

The effects were so beneficial that James became one of the Maritimes’ most avid cannabis crusaders.  Most days James plays “catch me if you can,” skirting the grey areas of legality, delivering bags of marijuana to Nova Scotia’s sick and needy and solidifying relationships between prospective clients and ever-needed growers.

“We have about 100 clients in active files,” says James, as we turn lightly onto a gravel road.  “We’re always looking for growers for patients.  We always have more patients than growers…Part of the process of finding growers and weeding through them is trying to get into a dialogue, and get their trust, to the point where we can start talking about the actual nutrients, and pesticides and cultivation techniques they’re using.”

Our first visit is to Tim, from Pugwash.  Tim lives in a detached home, set well back from the main road, which by now is just a gravel cut running through the Acadian forest.  There is a calm in the breeze, and James’ staccato, train-of-thought delivery has a flowing quality to it that lets the mind breathe.

“What’s happening is that patients are hitting a wall right away,” says James, ringing the doorbell.  “In small towns, this is really common.  They do not want their doctor to know that they use cannabis.  The doctor is often a family friend.  Or you come across medical clinics with a No Cannabis policy, so the doctor can’t talk to you about cannabis even if he wanted to.  If patients have a doctor who won’t speak to them, we help them find a doctor who will.”

Tim, using a walker, a fat black retriever with a wagging tail in tow, answers the door.  We sit on overstuffed couches, and James proffers Tim a bulging sack of pungent buds.  Tim’s story, of course, is unique to Tim.  But within it runs the standard thread of the self-medicating, rural Nova Scotian.

Tim has hereditary spastic paraplegia.  It is a crippling ailment which starts in the legs and works its way up.  The sufferer carries the disease for years, unencumbered.  And then, very rapidly, usually around middle age, the afflicted watches the body simply collapse.  It is genetic, often effects a complete generation of siblings and largely considered to be irreversible.  Tim, increasingly couch-bound, understandably depressed, had never tried marijuana.  There isn’t a strong cannabis culture in Nova Scotia among the older generations.  But, having recently lost control of his sphincter, and quickly losing control of hope, Tim took a puff of an offered joint.  And then another.  And another.  And then Tim got off the couch.

“I don’t shit in a bag anymore,” says Tim, opening the back patio door.  His deck is fringed with fat, bushy, marijuana plants.  Gorgeous, red-haired buds, caked in crystals, shimmer in the mid-day sun.  James is giddy as she examines Tim’s crop.  The red-haired buds are a rare find, and she carefully snips several grafts for cloning.  It looks to James like a Red Cross, a high-quality strain with a medicinal history, more commonly found in California.  And apparently, it has found its way to Pugwash.

“It’s a completely different dynamic if you live in a city like Toronto or Vancouver,” says James, holding the bud to her nose, breathing deep.  “If you have a legitimate medical condition you can go to one of these clubs and immediately access the highest quality cannabis on the market.”

In Nova Scotia, however, James is currently it.  The Halifax Compassionate Club is the only dispensary east of Montreal.  What that means, in the province with the highest cancer rates in the country, where almost half the population still lives rurally, is that James is constantly moving.  She’s delivering, growing, informing and connecting.  If you keep your ears open to the hum, Nova Scotia is a constant flood of stories of suffering.  People don’t know how to get legal—or even good—marijuana, or they don’t even know that cannabis might be a treatment option.  Navigating the Marihuana Medical Access Program, Health Canada’s document-laden licencing program, can leave sufferers in a bureaucratic funk.  Meeting with James is often the first step toward relief.

“I had a prof whose wife had MS,” says James, as we leave Tim waving on the porch steps.  “He would have to go to the street to find cannabis for his wife.  She had a licence, but she had no source.  And this is what people want to avoid.  Nobody should have to go to street level drug dealers to buy their cannabis from unknown sources.  I’m not saying those are bad sources, but if you don’t know that person, it could be anything.”

“How do you get a licence?” I ask.

“Right now the entire medical marijuana regulations have been struck down.  There is no medical marijuana regulation in Canada whatsoever,” says James.  “The Matt Mernagh case in Ontario has changed everything.”

Wait.  What? No regulations? But what about all the Health Canada forms to be filled out in triplicate, and doctors’ notes, and passport-sized photos? And registering your name and address with the RCMP?

Matt Mernagh is not hard to find.  The man wears his marijuana use on his sleeve, and has literally dared the current Harper government to stop him.  If Mark Emery, sitting behind bars in a federal prison in Seattle, Washington, is Canada’s prince of pot, Mernagh is most certainly among Canada’s royal family of cannabis.

“I’d been growing myself for about 15 years, and I was doing it ‘illegally,’ I guess you could say,” says Mernagh, excusing himself momentarily from a wake and bake session in Vancouver as we chat on the phone.  “I got caught about four years ago.  I hired a lawyer named Paul Lewin while I was in prison, and the first thing that Mr.  Lewin said to me was that he’d like to do a constitutional challenge on my behalf because he knew my situation.”

Mernagh suffers from fibromialgia, scoliosis, depression and seizures.  He also writes some of the best pot reviews on the internet.  He took the federal regulations on marijuana to court, had them overturned, and has become a marijuana hero in Canada in the process.

“We went to court and we proved last year that there was no way to get into the medical marijuana program, by my own testimony,” continues Mernagh.  “We also had 22 witnesses in total, that said ‘Hey, I’m like Matt Mernagh.  I can’t get into this program either.’ And we used people from across Canada.  And that’s important because we found that some provinces, and even some cities are quite dramatically more well-off than other places, and Health Canada uses that to spike their statistics.

“Some people have access to medical marijuana, and some people have no access to medical marijuana.  Everybody has different types of opportunities.  It depends on where you live.  It depends on who you know,” says Mernagh.  “There were all these flaws with the medical marijuana plan that we brought to court.  And the judge agreed with us, so he gutted it.  And by gutting it I mean he absolutely destroyed the medical marijuana program.  He said ‘This program is not needed,’ and that the government has 90 days to make efforts to make a new medical marijuana program.  But this medical marijuana program has to take into account that the patient comes first.  My choice to use cannabis is my choice.  It’s not my doctor’s choice.  It’s not the government’s choice.  This is my choice.”

These were the heady days of April 2011.  And for a moment in time, it appeared as though marijuana prohibition in Canada might just come crumbling down.

But the empire struck back.

Almost immediately after Ontario superior court justice Donald Taliano struck down the marijuana laws, the Harper government appealed the decision.  Then, on June 17 of 2011, Health Canada issued a cryptic press release stating that Federal Health Minister Leona Aglukkaq would be looking to improve the Marihuana Medical Access Program.  The program, as it stands, is the de facto set of rules that governs who can consume cannabis on medical grounds.  And while there are those like Mernagh who are spearheading the legal battle to set the entire program on its head, thousands of others across the country have applied to, and have been granted, the legal right to self-medicate their respective conditions through cannabis consumption.  Nova Scotia, per capita, has the most licenced medical cannabis users in the country ( see sidebar ).

Jes James and Tim from Pugwash are among those who have been granted “grow licences” by Health Canada.  They are legally allowed to grow their own medicine.  Aglukkaq’s press release suggests that grow licences will be eliminated.  Aglukkaq bases this strategy on the suggestion that the Access Program is ripe for infiltration from the criminal element, and that needed improvements will make safer our nation’s “children and communities.” Tellingly, the press release notes in no uncertain terms that legalization or decriminalization of cannabis is not an option on the table.  The impending Mernagh appeal is not even alluded to.

When I contacted Health Canada on the matter, and asked for proof about increased criminal incursions into the field of medical marijuana, media relations officer Gary Scott-Holub withdrew behind claims related to the health and safety of the program, and the perceived “risk of home invasion.” There are no statistics to back the federal government’s suggestion of increased criminality in the Access Program, only broad-based fears and suggestions of a greater good for the so-called greater community.

After Aglukkaq’s press release, Health Canada then held a series of stakeholders’ meetings in Vancouver, Montreal and Toronto.  These meetings, the last of which wound up on September 15, 2011 in Toronto, were ostensibly meant to gather feedback on the proposed scrapping of grow licences.

Ted Smith, founder of Cannabis Buyers Clubs of Canada, a compassion club that operates out of Victoria, was invited to participate in the stakeholder meeting in Vancouver.  His feedback, he was told, would be taken into consideration.  Not so, says Smith.  He thinks that the stakeholders’ meetings were nothing more than a dog and pony show in which Health Canada’s mind was already made up, and those concerned with keeping patient access to medical marijuana at the forefront of the agenda were shuffled to the sidelines of the conversation.  All signs point to grow licences being scrapped by 2013, regardless of the evidence that suggested that they are facilitating access for those who depend on cannabis for their health.

“It’s obvious that Health Canada doesn’t really consider the patients to be important stakeholders in this process, and they seem intent upon taking patients’ rights to grow their own medicine away,” says Smith from his home in Victoria.  “I doubt if anything that we said would have been able to stop them.  They have political bosses to answer to, and the bureaucrats at these meetings might be really nice, but the people above them, [not so much].  In essence they were asking for help in putting us out of business or sending us to jail, for a program that it appears would give a small number of large companies control over the marketplace.  So it really appears to be playing into the hands of large drug companies, at the expense of patients and their caregivers.”

Health Canada’s findings and recommendations in this matter are slated to appear in an upcoming issue of the Canadian Gazette, Parliament’s public record of its goings-on.  All signs point to individual grow licences being slated for the chopping block, to be replaced by a large-scale, commercial system of contract growers.

“Health Canada is proposing to put a new supply and distribution system in place that uses only fully regulated, inspected and audited licensed commercial producers,” says Gary Scott Holub, Health Canada’s media rep.  “These licensed commercial producers would be regularly inspected and audited by Health Canada to ensure that they are compliant with all applicable regulations.”

Removing individual grow licences stands to severely complicate patient access to their medicine.  And this is compounded by the fact that Health Canada’s attempts to grow its own marijuana have, according to licenced users, failed drastically in the past.  The one grower currently under contract to Health Canada, Prairie Plant Systems, grows notoriously ineffective marijuana 1,000 metres underground in an abandoned mine shaft in Saskatchewan.  The Health Canada shwag is then Gamma-radiated in Quebec ( ostensibly to remove mould ), a process that many worry might destroy the medicinal properties of the cannabinoids in the weed.

“They dilute their weed with leaf and stalk,” says Jes James, now back home, seated at the kitchen table.  The mood has become decidedly serious.  “It is nothing anybody wants to smoke.  Do you know how many patients have written letters and said ‘I will come and work for you for free.  Let me help you.  You are obviously unable to do this job.’ Many people have sent that letter.”

Of course, there is also the not-insignificant spectre of a third piece of legislation.  Bill C-10, affectionately referred to as the Omnibus Crime Bill, looms in the near future.  Attached to Bill C-10, passed through Parliament and now before the Senate, are mandatory minimum penalties for growing marijuana.  The minimum penalty for growing between six and 200 cannabis plants is six months imprisonment.  The minimum penalty for growing between 201 and 500 plants is one year’s imprisonment.  And the minimum term of imprisonment is two years if the number of plants produced is more than 500.  There will be no judicial discretion, no extenuating circumstances, no choice in the matter.

“The timing of mandatory minimums and the closing down of personal grows is not coincidence,” says Chris Enns, seated across from James at their shared kitchen table.  Enns, co-founder of The Halifax Compassionate Club, is also the owner of an online head shop.  “There are patients that are going to continue to grow for themselves regardless of what the government says.  There will be people in wheelchairs and walkers in their court systems, clogging up their court systems.  That’s what’s going to happen.  What we’re going to do, is we’re going to end up in court within a week of them implementing these new regulations.”

“We’re going to fight them in court,” agrees Ted Smith from Victoria.  “It seems to be the only way our government will listen on this issue, or any progressive drug policy issue.  The Conservatives are bent upon putting in crime bills and throwing people in jail that engage in illicit drug use.  The courts appear to be our only refuge from our government at this point.  Clogging the courts…it’s an expensive and time-consuming process.  And a lot of people are going to suffer and die prematurely from a lack of cannabis care.”

Back at the wheel of her makeshift ambulance, driving down another gravel road to meet a grandmother in Preston with a cancerous brain tumour who’s in need of some weed, James looks pensive.  It strikes me that regulations or no, James will strive on.  This is Nova Scotia, after all, home of North America’s first documented hemp fields.

“We’re prepared to fight,” says James, gazing off into middle distance.  “But we’re also prepared for the outcome.”

- – Miles Howe is a freelance journalist and the Halifax-based editor of the The Dominion.

Source: Coast, The (CN NS)
Copyright: 2012 Coast Publishing

Support for Marijuana Policy Reform in Rhode Island: More Popular than the Politicians Think

February 3rd, 2012

Late last month, the Marijuana Policy Project commissioned Public Policy Polling to survey Rhode Island voter attitudes toward marijuana policy. The results are in, and the numbers indicate that Rhode Islanders from both sides of the aisle are clearly aware that marijuana prohibition is failed policy, and they are ready for change.

A majority of Rhode Islanders appear to be fed up with the current marijuana prohibition. Of the 714 voters polled, 52% would like to see all penalties for personal possession and use of marijuana removed and marijuana treated in a manner similar to alcohol, where it would be taxed, regulated, and sold in state-licensed stores to adults over the age of 21. Perhaps somewhat surprisingly, the idea received bipartisan support and was backed by 55% of Democrats and 54% of Republicans. Legislation spearheaded by MPP to establish such a system will be introduced in Rhode Island this session.

When Mason-Dixon Polling and Research asked the exact same question in 2008, only 41% of 625 voters surveyed supported regulated legalization of marijuana. That’s an increase of 11 percentage points among all voters in less than three years. The ’08 poll showed majority support among Democrats (52%) but strong opposition among Republican voters, with only 26% supporting and 66% opposing the idea just 33 months ago. This means we’ve seen support more than double among Rhode Island Republicans. So what’s going on here?

Although it may seem odd at first, I’ve long argued that replacing the marijuana prohibition with a legalized and regulated marijuana market is an issue perfectly teed up for true conservatives. Ending the marijuana prohibition, and to a greater extent the “War on Drugs,” would massively decrease the size and scope of the federal government and restore police power to the states. Massive federal programs that consume enormous amounts of tax dollars while failing to reduce use and abuse of marijuana would be dismantled, and the oft complained of “nanny state” – the government telling responsible adult citizens what they can and cannot do – would be whittled away at. But can this enormous increase in support for a regulated marijuana market among Rhode Island Republicans be attributed solely to the respondents tapping into their true conservative cores?

While the questions posed to voters were identical in 2008 and 2012, the polls were conducted by different firms. To see if this could be responsible for some of the increase, I reached out to Tom Jensen at Public Policy Polling to get his take. “Automated polls [like the one conducted by PPP] tend to get more honest responses from people about sensitive issues than live interview [polls] like Mason-Dixon conducts. People might not be comfortable telling another human on the line that they think marijuana use should be legal, but they’re fine with pushing a button to express that same opinion.” So there is an argument that some of the increase in support was actually there all along, but it was quiet support. This kind of support may be stifled in part by voters’ reluctance to tell a live human being that they support something that could be perceived as taboo.

But I don’t think the live vs. automated distinction can account for the entire increase, and neither does Mr. Jensen. “I think with the tough economy and all the hard cuts state governments across the country have had to make over the last few years, voters are open to new ways to generate revenue, like legalizing and regulating marijuana use, in a way that they might not have been in more prosperous times.” Faced with the current economy, the typical American voter is given two options: cut popular and necessary programs or raise taxes. Neither of these options seems politically popular for members of either major party. So it shouldn’t be surprising to see people from both sides of the political spectrum supporting a proposal that would raise an untold amount of revenue while keeping intact support for current programs and not raising personal income taxes.

Regardless of the reasoning, it is clear that support for regulated legalization of marijuana is increasing and increasing fast. And this phenomenon is not limited to just Rhode Island.

In October of 2011, Gallup conducted their semi-annual “Do you think the use of marijuana should be made legal, or not?” poll. They have been polling the American public on this question, off and on, since 1969. It is important to note that Gallup does not ask about a regulated market, just if marijuana should be legal. It’s also important to keep in mind that Gallup’s results are based on telephone interviews, so if Tom Jensen is correct, we’d expect that the actual support among the public is some degree higher than the results show. With that in mind, it’s incredibly telling that for the first time since 1969, Gallup found that 50% of the American public agrees that marijuana should be legal while 46% think it should remain illegal. Additionally, plurality support for a regulated and legalized market is found in both Colorado and Washington; both states will be voting on ballot measures asking if marijuana should be legalized and regulated come November.

Whatever the reasons may be, the public at large – and Rhode Island voters in particular – have come around to the idea of regulated legalization of marijuana, and why shouldn’t they? Marijuana is demonstrably safer than alcohol and tobacco – both of which are legal yet regulated. Responsible marijuana legalization and regulation will create entire industries worth of jobs, allow federal and state governments to collected needed revenue from responsible sales, and keep marijuana out of the hands of minors through thorough regulations. We’ve got the public behind us, it’s time the lawmakers open their eyes.

(NOTE: PPP also polled Rhode Island voter attitudes toward Rhode Island’s medical marijuana program and a proposal to decriminalize possession of up to an ounce of marijuana by replacing the criminal penalty with a civil citation. Both of these enjoyed very strong support. Click here for full poll results.)


Activist Claims Marijuana Prohibition To End November 5

November 1st, 2011
​Richard Brumfield, a medical marijuana activist from California, is in a unique position -- that is, if you believe him. Brumfield claims not only that he is in direct communication with the White House and the National Institute on Drug Abuse, but also that -- oh yeah by the way -- marijuana prohibition ends on November 5. Did I mention he'd be in charge of all production?One might rightly ask why the mercurial Brumfield, who vehemently opposed California's marijuana legalization measure Prop 19 in 2010, would be anointed to be in possession of such important information, rather than, say, letting President Obama or maybe Drug Czar Kerlikowske announce it.But Brumfield, who if nothing else seems to have quite a healthy ego, insists on his Facebook page and elsewhere that he is the "newly appointed Chief Clinical Director of the IAMB/TbT group" (whatever that is), and further, that clinical trials of medicinal cannabis will begin on November 5, according to a press release from pot podcast Time 4 Hemp.If Brumfield is to be believed, he has the blessings of both the White House and Vice President Joe Biden (yeah, he even included ol' Joe in his claims), "along with the support of many organizations such as the National Institute of Health, R.E.A.D.[Editor's note: ??], and NIDA." Continue reading "Activist Claims Marijuana Prohibition To End November 5" >